Karl Münchinger – The Classical Legacy
Karl Münchinger
Label
Decca
Catalogue No.
4840170
Barcode
00028948401703
Format
8-CD
About

A feast of Haydn and Mozart under the sure and stylish baton of Karl Münchinger, including several recordings making their first international appearance on CD.

This box of Münchinger’s legacy in Classical-era repertoire picks up where the Eloquence set of his Baroque recordings (484 0160) left off, with six symphonies of Haydn. He had founded the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra in 1946, and Decca began making records with them three years later. The excellence and commercial success of these albums caused the label to invite him to work with orchestras other than his own, in Paris (the Conservatoire Orchestra) and, more prestigiously still, the Vienna Philharmonic.

The first fruits of this new relationship were issued in May 1955: an LP of No.88 and No.101, the ‘Clock’. Reviewers looked to the likes of Furtwangler and Toscanini for comparison respectively, and did not find Münchinger wanting for either grandeur or pathos in this music. The sequels took in Nos 96 and 104 (recorded in May 1957) and Nos. 83 and 100 (from April 1961): superbly open and spacious Sofiensaal recordings engineered in classic Decca sound by John Culshaw and Christopher Raeburn.

By then Münchinger was also recording Mozart for Decca, both with an enlarged cohort of his Stuttgart ensemble and with the Vienna Philharmonic. The repertoire included not only mature symphonies but also concertos (with the Viennese principals Werner Tripp and Alfred Prinz on flute and clarinet respectively), serenades (featuring the inimitably luscious tone of Willi Boskovsky’s violin) and rarities such as the ballet Les Petits Riens, recorded back in Stuttgart.

The set concludes with two discs of concertos: Haydn and Boccherini with the cellist Pierre Fournier, Mozart with both Christian Ferras – including the apocryphal ‘Adelaide’ concerto once championed by Menuhin – and Wilhelm Kempff, in a pairing of the Piano Concertos Nos. 9 and 15 that had critics reaching for superlatives in an era when these works had barely entered the record catalogues.

 

 

TRACK LISTING / ARTISTS

CD 1      

FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732–1809)
Symphony No. 88 in G major, Hob.I:88
Symphony No. 101 in D major, Hob.I:101 ‘Clock’
Symphony No. 96 in D major, Hob.I:96 ‘Miracle’*
Wiener Philharmoniker
*FIRST INTERNATIONAL CD RELEASE ON DECCA

CD 2                                                                                                                                                     Symphony No. 104 in D major, Hob.I:104 ‘London’°
Symphony No. 83 in G minor, Hob.I:83 ‘La Poule’*
Symphony No. 100 in G major, Hob.I:100 ‘Military’*
Wiener Philharmoniker
°FIRST INTERNATIONAL CD RELEASE ON DECCA
*FIRST CD RELEASE ON DECCA

CD 3                                                                                                                                                     WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756–1791)
Symphony No. 31 in D major, KV 297 ‘Paris’*
Symphony No. 32 in G major, KV 318 (Overture in G major)*
Symphony No. 35 in D major, KV 385 ‘Haffner’*
Stuttgart Klassische Philharmonie

Symphony No. 40 in G minor, KV 550°
Wiener Philharmoniker
*FIRST INTERNATIONAL CD RELEASE ON DECCA

CD 4
Symphony No. 33 in B flat major, KV 319*
Concerto for Flute, Harp and Orchestra in C major, KV 299
Werner Tripp, flute
Hubert Jellinek, harp

Clarinet Concerto in A major, KV 622
Alfred Prinz, clarinet
Wiener Philharmoniker
*FIRST CD RELEASE ON DECCA

CD 5
Serenade in D major, KV 250 ‘Haffner’
Willi Boskovsky, violin
Wiener Philharmoniker

Serenade in G major, KV 525 ‘Eine kleine Nachtmusik’*
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
*FIRST CD RELEASE ON DECCA

CD 6
Divertimento No. 1 in D major, KV 136*
Divertimento No. 11 in D major, KV 251 ‘Nannerl-Septett’*
Les Petits Riens, K.app.10 (Ballet)*
Ein musikalischer Spass, KV 522*
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
*FIRST INTERNATIONAL CD RELEASE ON DECCA

CD 7
FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732–1809)
Cello Concerto No. 2 in D major, Hob.VIIb:2
Pierre Fournier, cello
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756–1791)
Violin Concerto No. 3 in G major, KV 216

attrib. WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756–1791)
Violin Concerto No. 6 in E flat major, KV 268 / 356b / Anh.C. 14.04
Christian Ferras, violin
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

CD 8
LUIGI BOCCHERINI (1743–1805)
Cello Concerto in B flat major, G. 482
Arranged by Friedrich Grützmacher (1832–1903)
Pierre Fournier, cello
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756–1791)
Piano Concerto No. 9 in E flat major, KV 271 ‘Jeunehomme’
Piano Concerto No. 15 in B flat major, KV 450
Wilhelm Kempff, piano
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
Members of L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande

KARL MÜNCHINGER

Track previews
Serenade in D Major, K. 250 "Haffner": III. Menuetto
Symphony No. 101 in D Major, Hob.I:101 "The Clock": IV. Finale (Vivace)
Symphony No. 83 in G Minor, Hob.I:83 "La Poule": IV. Finale (Vivace)
Symphony No. 100 in G Major, Hob.I:100 "Military": I. Adagio - Allegro
Symphony No. 100 in G Major, Hob.I:100 "Military": II. Allegretto
Symphony No. 100 in G Major, Hob.I:100 "Military": III. Menuet (Moderato)
Symphony No. 104 in D Major, Hob.I:104 "London": II. Andante
Symphony No. 104 in D Major, Hob.I:104 "London": III. Menuet (Allegro)
Symphony No. 104 in D Major, Hob.I:104 "London": IV. Finale (Spiritoso)
Symphony No. 83 in G Minor, Hob.I:83 "La Poule": I. Allegro spiritoso
Symphony No. 83 in G Minor, Hob.I:83 "La Poule": II. Andante
Symphony No. 96 in D Major, Hob.I:96 "The Miracle": I. Adagio - Allegro
Symphony No. 31 in D Major, K. 297 "Paris": III. Allegro
Symphony No. 96 in D Major, Hob.I:96 "The Miracle": II. Andante
Symphony No. 96 in D Major, Hob.I:96 "The Miracle": III. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Symphony No. 96 in D Major, Hob.I:96 "The Miracle": IV. Finale (Vivace)
Symphony No. 104 in D Major, Hob.I:104 "London": I. Adagio - Allegro
Symphony No. 88 in G Major, Hob. I:88: I. Adagio - Allegro
Symphony No. 88 in G Major, Hob. I:88: II. Largo
Symphony No. 88 in G Major, Hob. I:88: III. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Symphony No. 88 in G Major, Hob. I:88: IV. Finale (Allegro con spirito)
Symphony No. 101 in D Major, Hob.I:101 "The Clock": I. Adagio - Presto
Symphony No. 101 in D Major, Hob.I:101 "The Clock": II. Andante
Symphony No. 83 in G Minor, Hob.I:83 "La Poule": III. Menuet (Allegretto)
Symphony No. 31 in D Major, K. 297 "Paris": II. Andante
Serenade in D Major, K. 250 "Haffner": IV. Rondo (Allegro)
Symphony No. 33 in B-Flat Major, K. 319: IV. Finale (Allegro assai)
Clarinet Concerto in A Major, K. 622: III. Rondo (Allegro)
Serenade in D Major, K. 250 "Haffner": I. Allegro maestoso - Allegro molto
Serenade in D Major, K. 250 "Haffner": II. Andante
Clarinet Concerto in A Major, K. 622: I. Allegro
Clarinet Concerto in A Major, K. 622: II. Adagio
Concerto for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra in C Major, K. 299: I. Allegro
Concerto for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra in C Major, K. 299: II. Andantino
Concerto for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra in C Major, K. 299: III. Rondo - Allegro
Symphony No. 33 in B-Flat Major, K. 319: II. Andante moderato
Symphony No. 33 in B-Flat Major, K. 319: III. Menuetto
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550: III. Menuetto (Allegretto)
Symphony No. 31 in D Major, K. 297 "Paris": I. Allegro assai
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550: IV. Finale (Allegro assai)
Symphony No. 33 in B-Flat Major, K. 319: I. Allegro assai
Symphony No. 35 in D Major, K. 385 "Haffner": IV. Finale (Presto)
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550: I. Molto allegro
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550: II. Andante
Symphony No. 32 in G Major, K. 318: Allegro - Andante - Tempo I
Symphony No. 35 in D Major, K. 385 "Haffner": I. Allegro con spirito
Symphony No. 35 in D Major, K. 385 "Haffner": II. Andante
Symphony No. 35 in D Major, K. 385 "Haffner": III. Menuetto
Symphony No. 100 in G Major, Hob.I:100 "Military": IV. Finale (Presto)
Symphony No. 101 in D Major, Hob.I:101 "The Clock": III. Menuet (Allegretto) - Trio
Recording information

CD 1

Recording Producers: Victor Olof (Symphonies Nos. 88, 101); John Culshaw (Symphony No. 96)
Balance Engineers: Cyril Windebank (Symphonies Nos. 88, 101); Gordon Parry, James Brown (Symphony No. 96)
Recording Locations: Grosser Saal, Musikverein, Vienna, Austria, 19–20 November (Symphony No. 101), 22–23 November 1954 (Symphony No. 88); Sofiensaal, Vienna, Austria, 2–7 May 1957 (Symphony No. 96)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 5040 (Symphonies Nos. 88, 101: May 1955); LXT 5369 (Symphony No. 96: February 1958)
Mono Recordings: Symphonies Nos. 88 & 101
Stereo Recording: Symphony No. 96

CD 2

Recording Producers: John Culshaw (Symphony No. 104); Christopher Raeburn, Erik Smith (Symphonies Nos. 83, 100)
Balance Engineers: Gordon Parry, James Brown (Symphonies Nos. 104, 83, 100)
Recording Location: Sofiensaal, Vienna, Austria, 2–7 May 1957 (Symphony No. 104), 10–12 April 1961 (Symphonies Nos. 83, 100)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 5369 (Symphony No. 104: February 1958); SXL 2284 (Symphonies Nos. 83, 100: November 1961)
Stereo Recordings


CD 3

Recording Producers:
John Mordler (Symphonies Nos. 31, 32, 35); Peter Andry, Victor Olof (Symphony No. 40)
Balance Engineers: Martin Fouqué (Symphonies Nos. 31, 32, 35); Cyril Windebank (Symphony No. 40)
Recording Locations: Grosser Saal, Musikverein, Vienna, Austria, 14–17 March 1955 (Symphony No. 40); Schloss Ludwigsburg, Stuttgart, Germany, April 1968 (Symphonies Nos. 31, 32, 35)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 5124 (Symphony No. 40: February 1956); SXL 6402 (Symphonies Nos. 31, 32, 35: May 1969)
Mono Recording: Symphony No. 40
Stereo Recordings: Symphonies Nos. 31, 32, 35


CD 4

Recording Producers: Victor Olof, Peter Andry (Symphony No. 33); Christopher Raeburn (Flute and Harp Concerto, Clarinet Concerto)
Balance Engineers: Cyril Windebank (Symphony No. 33); James Brown (Flute and Harp Concerto, Clarinet Concerto)
Recording Locations: Grosser Saal, Musikverein, Vienna, Austria, 14–17 March 1955 (Symphony No. 33); Sofiensaal, Vienna, Austria, 16 September 1962 (Clarinet Concerto), 19–21 September 1962 (Flute and Harp Concerto)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 5124 (Symphony No. 33: February 1956); SXL 6054 (Flute and Harp Concerto, Clarinet Concerto: January 1964)
Mono Recording: Symphony No. 33
Stereo Recordings: Symphony No. 33; Flute and Harp Concerto; Clarinet Concerto


CD 5

Recording Producers: Ray Minshull, Erik Smith (Haffner Serenade); Michael Bremner, James Walker (Eine kleine Nachtmusik)
Balance Engineers: Jack Law, James Brown (Haffner Serenade); Karl Brugger, Roy Wallace (Eine kleine Nachtmusik)
Recording Locations: Sofiensaal, Vienna, Austria, 26–28 October 1960 (Haffner Serenade); Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, 8 October–17 November 1960 (Eine kleine Nachtmusik)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 5632/SXL 2272 (Haffner Serenade: June 1961); LXT 5630 / SXL 2270 (Eine kleine Nachtmusik: May 1961)
Stereo Recordings

CD 6

Recording Producers: Victor Olof, James Walker (Divertimento No. 11); James Walker (Les Petits  Riens); Michael Bremner, James Walker (Divertimento No. 1, Ein musikalischer Spass)
Balance Engineers: Gil Went, Roy Wallace (Divertimento No. 11); Gil Went, Roy Wallace (Les Petits  Riens); Karl Brugger, Roy Wallace (Divertimento No. 1, Ein musikalischer Spass);
Recording Locations: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, 27–31 October 1955 (Divertimento No. 11), 8, 9 October 1956 (Les Petits  Riens), 8 October–17 November 1960 (Divertimento No. 1, Ein musikalischer Spass)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 5177 (Divertimento No. 11: November 1956); LW 5348 (Les Petits Riens: January 1959); LXT 5630 / SXL 2270 (Divertimento No. 1, Ein musikalischer Spass: May 1961)
Stereo Recordings 


CD 7

Recording Producer: Victor Olof
Balance Engineer: Gil Went
Recording Location: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, September 1953 (Haydn), October–November 1954 (Mozart)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 2968 (Haydn: October 1954); LXT 5044 (Mozart: May 1955)
Mono Recordings

CD 8

Recording Producer: Victor Olof
Balance Engineer: Gil Went
Recording Location: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, September 1952 (Boccherini), September 1953 (Mozart)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 2765 (Boccherini: January 1953); LXT 2861 (Mozart: July 1954)
Mono Recordings

Reviews

‘I call attention to Kempff’s exquisite artistry in the variations of the Andante [of Piano Concerto No.15]… One also notes here the extraordinary independent life which the bass line has in Kempff’s performance; left and right hand seem to be two different instruments.’ Gramophone, September 1954

‘Finally an edition appears which expresses entirely what we have been imagining inwardly what the music must truly be… Lovers of Concertos 9 and 15 are warned that a hearing of [the Kempff/Münchinger recording] will infallibly involve the purse.’ High Fidelity, December 1954

‘[Mozart’s Symphony] No.33 enjoys reproduction of exceptional appeal… We are treated to a refreshing balm without damage to unity and decision in a positive and graceful performance. This is easily the best recording.’ High Fidelity, June 1956

‘His performances of [Nos. 96 and 104] are first-rate and stunningly recorded. Who said that Haydn doesn’t blossom in stereo?’ High Fidelity, October 1959

‘A wholly delightful performance of a delectable Haydn work [Symphony No.83]. It’s not to be missed.’ High Fidelity, October 1962 (Haydn, Symphony No.83)

‘This is without doubt the recommended coupling of the two concertos… The whole [Clarinet Concerto] from Prinz, Munchinger and the mellow Vienna orchestra has a wonderful feeling of maturity. No one tries any effects, nor takes other than leisurely speeds, for they know that this is superb music and only needs to be played with such artistry never to fall into dullness.’ Gramophone, January 1964 (Mozart, Concertos for Clarinet and for Flute & Harp)