Couperin: Les Nations; Pieces de Violes
Dupre, Nesbitt, Dart
Label
Decca
Catalogue No.
4828544
Barcode
00028948285440
Format
2-CD
About

Three L’Oiseau-Lyre albums of chamber music by Couperin, newly remastered and compiled together for the first time, including material new to CD.

During the past half-century, Francois Couperin ‘the Great’ has indeed come to be regarded among the great European composers. Where once he was dismissed with faint praise as the confector of trifles to amuse the Sun-King and his court, we now see him more in the round, balancing devotional psalms with bitingly observant galleries of men and women from high and low stations, as keenly interested in the view from his Parisian window as the glitter of Versailles.

Dart and his colleagues recorded the pair of ‘Suites de violes’ in 1957, the scores having only been rediscovered around 40 years previously, but they were enthusiastically promoted by the musicologist Wilfred Mellers, who declared them to stand as a highlight of Couperin’s chamber music. This album supports the contention of H. C. Robbins Landon, writing about Les Nations in 1973: ‘Unlike many musicologists, who are poor performers, Dart was a wizard at any keyboard. He was also an excellent director, as the present records attest’. Landon singles out his immaculately crisp rhythmic sense for special praise, as well as his scholarly attention to ornamentation, without which the French Baroque idiom soon dies.

Couperin’s cosmopolitan nature is nowhere more evident than in the four-volume collection of Les Nations, published in 1726 but composed during the previous 35 years. French and Italian styles mingle freely in these suites for trio-sonata ensemble. Made in London and 1958 and 1962, this was their first complete recording, and it was welcomed by critics as displaying all the facets of Couperin’s masterly contrapuntal writing with easy authority, and in an ensemble of two violins accompanied by a continuo of harpsichord and viola da gamba that would have been familiar to Couperin himself. In a 1965 interview, the director of L’Oiseau-Lyre was proud to point out that Dart and Marriner had spent two years editing the score of Les Nations for this recording.

TRACK LISTING / ARTISTS

FRANÇOIS COUPERIN (1668–1733)

Les Nations
Premier Ordre « La Françoise »
Deuxième Ordre « L’Espagnole »
Troisième Ordre « L’Impériale » *
Quatrième Ordre « La Piémontoise » *
Jacobean Ensemble
Neville Marriner, violin
Carl Pini, violin
Desmond Dupré, viola da gamba
Thurston Dart, harpsichord & director

Pièces de violes*
Suite No. 1 in E minor
Suite No. 2 in A major
Desmond Dupré, viola da gamba
Dennis Nesbitt, viola da gamba
Thurston Dart, harpsichord

*FIRST CD RELEASE ON DECCA

Track previews
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 2 in A Major: 4. La chemise blanche
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 5. Sarabande
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 6. Gigue Lourée
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 7. Gavotte
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 8. Rondeau
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 9. Bourée & Double
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 10. Passacaille
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Sonade
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Allemande
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Courante
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 4. Seconde Courante
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 6. Gigue
Les Nations - Quatrième Ordre - "La Piémontoise": Allemande
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 7. Chaconne en Passacaille
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 8. Gavotte
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 9. Menuet
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 1. Sonade
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 2. Allemande
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 3. Courante
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 4. Seconde Courante
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 1. Sonade
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 2. Allemande
Les Nations - Deuxième Ordre: 5. Sarabande
Les Nations - Quatrième Ordre - "La Piémontoise": Sonade
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 1 in E Minor: 4. Sarabande grave
Les Nations - Quatrième Ordre - "La Piémontoise": Rondeau
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 1 in E Minor: 5. Gavotte
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 1 in E Minor: 6. Gigue
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 1 in E Minor: 7. Pasacaille ou Chaconne
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 2 in A Major: 1. Prelude
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 2 in A Major: 2. Fuguette
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 2 in A Major: 3. Pompe funébre
Les Nations - Quatrième Ordre - "La Piémontoise": Courante
Les Nations - Quatrième Ordre - "La Piémontoise": Seconde Courante
Les Nations - Quatrième Ordre - "La Piémontoise": Sarabande
Les Nations - Quatrième Ordre - "La Piémontoise": Gigue
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Menuet
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 1 in E Minor: 1. Prelude
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 1 in E Minor: 2. Allemande légere
Pieces de violes / Suite No. 1 in E Minor: 3. Courante
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Seconde Courante
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Sarabande
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Bourée
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Gigue
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Rondeau
Les Nations - Troisième Ordre - "L'Impériale": Chaconne
Les Nations - Premier Ordre: 3. Courante
Recording information

Recordings: 1957 (Pièces de violes); December 1958 (Les Nations: Troisième Ordre, Quatrième Ordre); January 1962 (Les Nations: Premier Ordre, Deuxième Ordre)
Original L’Oiseau-Lyre LP Releases: SOL 251 (Les Nations: Premier Ordre, Deuxième Ordre); SOL 60014 (Les Nations: Troisième Ordre, Quatrième Ordre); OL 50164 (Pièces de violes)
Remastering Engineer: Chris Bernauer

Reviews

‘Dupré plays sensitively, and is fluent and convincing in ornamentation. Dennis Nesbitt … plays his part firmly but never too obtrusively … the harpsichord [is] here played with style and refinement by Thurston Dart.’ Gramophone, July 1958 (Pièces de violes)

‘This further instalment of Couperin’s chamber music by the Jacobean Ensemble is distinguished by the finesse of playing and a sense of style that is all too rare in modern recordings … The individual character of these pieces emerges vividly and naturally, and will surely give pleasure to all connoisseurs of French music.’ Gramophone, November 1962 (Les Nations)