Karl Münchinger – The Baroque Legacy
Karl Münchinger
Label
Decca
Catalogue No.
4840160
Barcode
00028948401604
Format
CD
About

A newly remastered treasury of Baroque ensemble music from Gabrieli to Haydn, including several recordings receiving their first international CD release.

The Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra was founded by Karl Münchinger in 1946, and it was only after six months of intensive rehearsals that the 31-year-old conductor allowed it to make its debut. The orchestra gave 124 concerts in its first year, and was hailed as the finest chamber-music ensemble in Germany. When Decca issued its first LP in Europe, it was of two Brandenburg Concertos played by the ensemble, and their recordings soon acquired an enviable reputation for Münchinger’s infallible musical instincts and his orchestra’s lively and polished playing.

Having returned to circulation several fine Decca recordings which showcase the conductor’s excellence in choral and Romantic-era music, as well as his classic Art of Fugue arrangement (4825187), Eloquence now presents the most comprehensive set ever released of the Stuttgart CO/ Münchinger Baroque albums, made in mono and stereo between 1951 and 1975. Organised in chronological order of composition, the set opens with a selection of Sonatas and Canzonas by Gabrieli, perfectly illustrating the timeless values of Münchinger’s interpretative vitality even in an era of performance practice vastly different from when he made these pioneering recordings.

Harpsichord continuo support on that album was provided by the brilliant young (and tragically short-lived) organist Brian Runnett, and Münchinger continued to attract the brightest and best of Europe’s musicians to join him in the studio. Star names included the flautist Jean-Pierre Rampal playing both Pergolesi and Bach (on a classic set of the Orchestral Suites), and the cellist Pierre Fournier, who made an impeccably stylish record of rarities by Couperin and Vivaldi. Speaking of the Venetian master, the set contains no fewer than three recordings of The Four Seasons, including the first in stereo (with Werner Krotzinger) from 1958. This was preceded by a 1951 version with the orchestra’s leader, Reinhold Barchet) and followed by a 1970 remake with the Polish violinist Konstanty Kulka. All three were widely praised in their own time for the vivid characterisation of not only the solo part but the naturalistic touches brought out of the accompaniment by Münchinger.

Composers along the way who were revived by the Decca/Münchinger treatment included Wassanaer and Johann Christian Bach, but the set concludes with an elegantly programmed farewell to the Baroque era in the shape of both Haydn’s ‘Farewell’ Symphony (from 1951) and a fugue album of Bach and Beethoven made the following year. It leads smoothly into a companion volume issued by Eloquence showcasing the excellence of Münchinger’s ensemble in Classical-era repertoire (484 0170).

 

Track Listing / Artists

CD 1*

GIOVANNI GABRIELI (1553–1612)
1 Sonata XIII
2 Canzona VII                                                                                                                                                      3 Canzona a 7
4 Canzon per sonar primi toni
5 Canzona X (Symphoniae sacrae … liber secundus, 1615)
6 Canzona II (Canzoni et sonate, 1615)
7 Sonata pian e forte quarta bassa
8 Sonata con tre violini (Canzoni et sonate, 1615)
9 Canzon prima à 5
10 Sonata pian e forte

GEORG PHILIPP TELEMANN (1681–1767)
Viola Concerto in G major (51:G9)
Don Quichotte: Suite
Brian Runnett, harpsichord (1–8)
Heinz Kirchner, viola
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

*FIRST INTERNATIONAL RELEASE ON DECCA CD


CD 2

ANTONIO VIVALDI (1678–1741)
Concertos for Violin, Strings and Continuo, Op. 8 Nos. 1–4
 ‘Le quattro stagioni’ (The Four Seasons)*
1951 RECORDING

Concerto in E minor for Cello, Strings and Continuo
Arranged from Cello Sonata, RV 40 by Vincent d’Indy and Paul Bazelaire

FRANÇOIS COUPERIN (1668–1733)
Pièces en Concert for Cello and Strings
Arranged by Paul Bazelaire

Reinhold Barchet, violin (1–12)
Pierre Fournier, cello (13–21)
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
*FIRST INTERNATIONAL RELEASE ON DECCA CD


CD 3

ANTONIO VIVALDI (1678–1741)
Concertos for Violin, Strings and Continuo, Op. 8 Nos. 1–4 ‘Le quattro stagioni (The Four Seasons)
1958 RECORDING

GIOVANNI BATTISTA PERGOLESI (1710–1736)
Flute Concerto No. 1 in G major*
Flute Concerto No. 2 in D major

Werner Krotzinger, violin (Vivaldi)
Jean-Pierre Rampal, flute (Pergolesi)
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

*FIRST INTERNATIONAL RELEASE ON DECCA CD

CD 4

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH (1685–1750)
Orchestral Suite No. 1 in C major, BWV 1066
Orchestral Suite No. 2 in B minor, BWV 1067
Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D major, BWV 1068

Jean-Pierre Rampal, flute (Suite No. 2)
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester


CD 5

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH (1685–1750)
Orchestral Suite No. 4 in D major, BWV 1069

ANTONIO VIVALDI (1678–1741)
Concertos for Violin, Strings and Continuo, Op. 8 Nos. 1–4 ‘Le quattro stagioni’ (The Four Seasons)
1972 RECORDING

Konstanty Kulka, violin (Vivaldi)
Igor Kipnis, harpsichord (Vivaldi)
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

CD 6

UNICO WILHELM VAN WASSENAER (1692–1766)
Concerti armonici

Concerto No. 1 in G major
Concerto No. 2 in B flat major
Concerto No. 3 in A major
Concerto No. 4 in G major
Concerto No. 5 in F minor
Concerto No. 6 in E flat major

Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

CD 7

JOHANN CHRISTIAN BACH (1735–1782)
Symphonies, Op. 18 Nos. 1–6

Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

 

CD 8*

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH (1685–1750)
1          Fugue in A minor, BWV 947
2          Fugue in G minor ‘The Great’, BWV 542
Transcribed by Karl Münchinger

Musical Offering, BWV 1079
Transcribed by Edwin Fischer
3          Ricercare à 6

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (1770–1827)
Grosse Fuge in B flat major, Op. 133

FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732–1809)
Symphony No. 45 in F sharp minor, H.I:45 ‘Abschieds-Symphonie’ (Farewell)

Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
Members of L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande (Haydn)
Stuttgarter Kammerorchester

*FIRST RELEASE ON DECCA CD

KARL MÜNCHINGER

Track previews
Canzoni et sonate (1615): Sonata XIII (a 8)
Canzoni et sonate (1615): Canzon VII (a 7)
Canzona a 7
Canzon per sonar primi toni (a 8), Ch.170
Canzona X
Canzoni et sonate (1615): Canzon II (a 6)
Sonata pian' e forte quarta bassa
Canzoni et sonate (1615): Sonata XXI (con tre violini)
Canzone for Double String Orchestra: 1. Canzon No. 1
Sonata pian'e forte (Version for Double String Orchestra)
Viola Concerto in G Major, TWV 51:G9: I. Largo
Viola Concerto in G Major, TWV 51:G9: II. Allegro
Viola Concerto in G Major, TWV 51:G9: III. Andante
Viola Concerto in G Major, TWV 51:G9: IV. Presto
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 1. Ouverture
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 2. Le réveil de Quichotte
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 3. Son attaque des moulins à vent
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 4. Ses soupirs amoureux après la Princesse Dulcinée
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 5. Sanche Panse berné
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 6. Le galope de Rosinante
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 7. Celui d'ane de Sanche
Ouverture-Suite, TWV 55:G10 "Burlesque de Quixotte": 8. Le couché de Quichotte
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 1 in E Major for solo violin, RV269 "La Primavera": I. Allegro
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 1 in E Major for solo violin, RV269 "La Primavera": II. Largo
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 1 in E Major for solo violin, RV269 "La Primavera": III. Allegro
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 2 in G Minor for solo violin, RV315 "L'Estate": I. Allegro non molto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 2 in G Minor for solo violin, RV315 "L'Estate": II. Adagio - Presto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 2 in G Minor for solo violin, RV315 "L'Estate": III. Presto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 3 in F Major for solo violin, RV293 "L'Autunno": I. Allegro
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 3 in F Major for solo violin, RV293 "L'Autunno": II. Adagio molto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 3 in F Major for solo violin, RV293 "L'Autunno": III. Allegro
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 4 in F Minor for solo violin, RV297 "L'Inverno": I. Allegro non molto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 4 in F Minor for solo violin, RV297 "L'Inverno": II. Largo
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 4 in F Minor for solo violin, RV297 "L'Inverno": III. Allegro
Cello Sonata in E Minor, RV 40 - Arr. Bazelaire for Cello and Orchestra: I. Largo
Cello Sonata in E Minor, RV 40 - Arr. D'Indy for Cello and Orchestra: II. Allegro
Cello Sonata in E Minor, RV 40 - Arr. Bazelaire for Cello and Orchestra: III. Lento espressivo
Cello Sonata in E Minor, RV 40 - Arr. Bazelaire for Cello and Orchestra: IV. Vivo
Pièces en Concert for Cello & Strings - Arr. Paul Bazelaire: 1. Prélude
Pièces en Concert for Cello & Strings - Arr. Paul Bazelaire: 2. Sicilienne
Pièces en Concert for Cello & Strings - Arr. Paul Bazelaire: 3. La tromba
Pièces en Concert for Cello & Strings - Arr. Paul Bazelaire: 4. Plainte
Pièces en Concert for Cello & Strings - Arr. Paul Bazelaire: 5. Air de diable
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 1 in E Major for solo violin, RV269 "La Primavera": I. Allegro
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 1 in E Major for solo violin, RV269 "La Primavera": II. Largo
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 1 in E Major for solo violin, RV269 "La Primavera": III. Allegro
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 2 in G Minor for solo violin, RV315 "L'Estate": I. Allegro non molto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 2 in G Minor for solo violin, RV315 "L'Estate": II. Adagio - Presto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 2 in G Minor for solo violin, RV315 "L'Estate": III. Presto
12 Violin Concertos, Op. 8 "Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione" / Concerto No. 3 in F Major for solo violin, RV293 "L'Autunno": I. Allegro
Recording information

CD 1
Recording Producers: James Mallinson (Telemann: Don Quichotte); Victor Olof (Telemann: Viola Concerto, Gabrieli: 9–10) John Mordler (Gabrieli: 1–8)
Balance Engineers: Martin Fouqué (Gabrieli: 1–8); James Lock (Telemann: Don Quichotte); Gil Went (Telemann: Viola Concerto, Gabrieli: 9–10)
Recording Locations: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, September 1952 (Telemann: Viola Concerto, Gabrieli: 9–10); Liederhalle, Stuttgart, Germany, 18–20 May 1969 (Gabrieli: 1–8); Schloss Ludwigsburg, Germany, 19–27 July 1973 (Telemann: Don Quichotte)
Original Decca LP Releases: SXL 6441 (Gabrieli: 1–8, April 1970); LX 3102 (Telemann: Viola Concerto, Gabrieli: 9–10: February 1953); SXL 6755 (Telemann: Don Quichotte: September 1976)
Mono / Stereo Recordings

CD 2
Recording Producer: Victor Olof
Balance Engineers: Arthur Haddy (The Four Seasons); Gil Went (Vivaldi/d’Indy/Bazelaire, Couperin/Bazelaire)
Recording Locations: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, March 1951 (The Four Seasons), September 1952 (Vivaldi/d’Indy/Bazelaire, Couperin/Bazelaire)
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 2600 (The Four Seasons: September 1951); LXT 2765 (Vivaldi/d’Indy/Bazelaire; Couperin/Bazelaire: January 1953)
Mono Recordings

CD 3
Recording Producers: James Walker (Vivaldi); Ray Minsull (Pergolesi)
Balance Engineers: James Timms, Roy Wallace (Vivaldi); Martin Fouqué (Pergolesi)
Recording Locations: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, 12–14 May 1958 (Vivaldi); Mozart-Saal, Stuttgart, Germany, 11–18 October 1963 (Pergolesi)
Original Decca LP Releases: SXL 2019/LXT 5519 (Vivaldi: July 1959); SXL/LXT 6104 (Pergolesi: July 1964)
Stereo Recordings

CD 4
Recording Producer: Erik Smith
Balance Engineer: Alan Reeve
Recording Location: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, 4–12 June 1961
Original Decca LP Releases: SXL 2300 (Suites Nos. 1 & 2: February 1962); SXL 2301 (Suite No. 3: February 1962)
Stereo Recordings

CD 5
Recording Producer: Erik Smith (Bach); John Mordler, James Walker (Vivaldi)
Balance Engineer: Alan Reeve (Bach); James Lock, Martin Fouqué (Vivaldi)
Recording Locations: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, 4–12 June 1961 (Bach); Schloss Ludwigsburg, Ludwigsburg, Germany, 20–21 July 1972 (Vivaldi)
Original Decca LP Releases: SXL 2301 (Bach: February 1962); SXL 6557 (Vivaldi: April 1974)
Stereo Recordings

CD 6
Recording Producer: Ray Minshull
Balance Engineer: Alan Abel
Recording Location: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, 8–17 October 1962
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT/SXL 6102 (Concerti armonici Nos. 1–4: July 1964); LXT/SXL 6104 (Concerti armonici Nos. 5–6: July 1964)
Stereo Recordings

CD 7
Recording Producers: James Mallinson
Balance Engineers: James Lock (Op. 18 Nos. 1, 3 & 5); Colin Moorfoot, Kenneth Wilkinson (Op. 18 Nos. 2, 4 & 6)
Recording Location: Evangelische Schlosskirche, Ludwigsburg, Germany, 19–27 July 1973 (Op. 18 Nos. 1, 3 & 5), 23–26 June 1975 (Op. 18 Nos. 2, 4 & 6)
Original Decca LP Releases: SXL 6638 (Op. 18 Nos. 1, 3 & 5: June 1974); SXL 6755 (Op. 18 Nos. 2, 4 & 6: September 1976)
Stereo Recordings

CD 8
Recording Producer: Victor Olof
Balance Engineer: Gil Went
Recording Location: Victoria Hall, Geneva, Switzerland, October 1951
Original Decca LP Releases: LXT 2668 (Bach, Beethoven: March 1952); LXT 2669 (Haydn: March 1952)
Mono Recordings

Reviews

‘Why should a string orchestra be denied this magnificent music? …  Münchinger’s ideas … are logical and consistent. In fact the whole thing is very well done.’ Gramophone, April 1970 (Gabrieli)

‘Superb playing by Mr Fournier …The Vivaldi and Couperin items are less commonly heard, and quite beautiful. Recording is excellent.’ High Fidelity, March 1954

‘There have been previous recordings of The Four Seasons … but none can hold a candle to the present set, played in admirably authentic fashion by this remarkable ensemble, who seem able to satisfy both musicologists and ordinary music-lovers alike.’ Gramophone, October 1951 (The Four Seasons with Barchet)

‘Listening to it again I felt that Münchinger and the soloist had really felt the amazing picturesqueness and invention of this marvellous music. The bird-calls are beautifully achieved.’ Gramophone, October 1951 (The Four Seasons with Krotzinger)

‘If there should be a living buyer left for this work he could well find that, for him, on this occasion the newest is indeed the best. Konstanty Kulka plays with sweetness and strength; so do the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra… On quality of recording, the new disc does just have the edge.’ Gramophone, April 1974 (The Four Seasons with Kulka)