Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos. 4 & 6; Violin Concerto
Erich Kleiber; Ruggiero Ricci
Label
Decca
Catalogue No.
4840373
Barcode
00028948403738
Format
2-CD
About

Erich Kleiber’s major Tchaikovsky recordings, newly remastered and coupled with Ruggero Ricci’s debut recording for Decca.

Only a truncated version of the Capriccio Italien from 1933 predates these accounts of the Fourth and Sixth symphonies in the Kleiber discography. They were made in Paris – Decca apparently esteemed the playing of the Conservatoire Orchestra in Russian repertoire – and are precious testaments to the particular attack and vigour he inspired from orchestras in this music.

Despite being recorded under 78rpm conditions, in four- or five-minute sections, the Fourth Symphony is marked by a palpable symphonic rigour as well as the edgy brass which lends such intensity to Decca’s Paris recordings of Russian music. This Fourth dates from 1949; four years later Kleiber returned to Paris for the ‘Pathétique’, recorded on tape, with an especially compelling sense of line drawn through the symphony’s tragic finale.

After his early death in January 1956, at the age of 65, his friend Jacques Barzun recalled watching Kleiber rehearse and perform in Paris, presumably for these recordings: ‘He did not seem to conduct, that is, to earn his fee on the podium. All his histrionic ability went into rehearsal: there he gestured, danced, chattered, pantomimed his way into the subconscious of his players until the right musical utterance came out of their fingers and lungs.’

In January 1950, when Ruggiero Ricci first recorded the Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto, he was 31 years old and had been performing in public for over 20 years. The sessions marked his debut for Decca, at least in concertos, and he was most sympathetically partnered by Sir Malcolm Sargent – the preferred conductor of Jascha Heifetz on his appearances in London. Two further Decca recordings followed, in 1961 and 1974, both impressive in their ways and technologically advanced but hardly superseding the folksy bravura and legerdemain of his initial efforts.

Track Listing / Artists

PIOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY (1840–1893)

CD 1
1–4 Symphony No. 4 in F minor, Op. 36
Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire de Paris
Erich Kleiber

5–7 Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 35
Ruggiero Ricci, violin
New Symphony Orchestra of London
Sir Malcolm Sargent

CD 2
1–4 Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op. 74 ‘Pathétique’
Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire de Paris
Erich Kleiber

FIRST INTERNATIONAL CD RELEASE ON DECCA

Track previews
Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 35, TH 59: 2. Canzonetta. Andante
Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 35, TH 59: 3. Finale. Allegro vivacissimo
Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Op. 74, TH 30 "Pathétique": 1. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Op. 74, TH 30 "Pathétique": 2. Allegro con grazia
Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Op. 74, TH 30 "Pathétique": 3. Allegro molto vivace
Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Op. 74, TH 30 "Pathétique": 4. Finale. Adagio lamentoso - Andante
Symphony No. 4 in F Minor, Op. 36, TH 27: 1. Andante sostenuto - Moderato con anima - Moderato assai, quasi andante - Allegro vivo
Symphony No. 4 in F Minor, Op. 36, TH 27: 2. Andantino in modo di canzona
Symphony No. 4 in F Minor, Op. 36, TH 27: 3. Scherzo. Pizzicato ostinato. Allegro
Symphony No. 4 in F Minor, Op. 36, TH 27: 4. Finale. Allegro con fuoco
Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 35, TH 59: 1. Allegro moderato
Recording information

Recording Producers: unknown (Symphony No. 4); Victor Olof (Symphony No. 6, Violin Concerto)
Balance Engineers: unknown
Recording Locations: La Maison de la Mutualité, Paris, France, 7–9 June 1949 (Symphony No. 4), 5–7 October 1953 (Symphony No. 6); Kingsway Hall, London, UK, 26–27 January 1950 (Violin Concerto)
Remastering Engineer: Chris Bernauer
Original Decca Releases: AK 2272–76 (Symphony No. 4 – 78rpm: November 1949) / LXT 2511 (Symphony No. 4 – LP: June 1950); LXT 2888 (Symphony No. 6: November 1954); AX 336–39 (Violin Concerto – 78rpm: June 1951) / LXT 2509 (Violin Concerto – LP: June 1950)

Reviews

‘Ricci certainly reels off the technical difficulties with ease… in the finale his attack and rhythmic impetus are exceptionally powerful and vigorous.’ Gramophone, September 1950 (Violin Concerto)

‘Kleiber’s ideas meld beautifully in a performance that is all energy, albeit well -controlled energy.’ High Fidelity, August 1954 (Symphony No.4)

‘Ricci’s performance is very fine and musicianly, and the recorded sound is excellent.’ The Record Guide, 1955 (Violin Concerto)